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Citation Resources

Overview of APA style.
For other styles, please view Citing Sources/Create Your Bibliography

APA style is the preferred citation format for social sciences, including business and management.  The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association provides guidelines for when and how to properly cite your sources.

APA style includes two key elements:

  • In-text citations: credit your sources for specific ideas that you use.
  • Reference list (bibliography): allow other readers to find those sources themselves.

You must include both in-text citations and a final reference list in your papers.

If you are looking for citation management software, please review this comparison (includes information on which subscription resources are available to U of T students). 

APA Tutorial

Basics of APA Style

Citation Examples

APA Style Blog


Updates from the APA.



This page is modified from our previous Cite it Right research guide.  Some links are from the Cite Your Sources/Create Your Bibliography research guide.